Around a third of people aged 65+ fall at least once a year. This figure is even higher for people aged 85+. Many of these older people live in care homes, where there is often a ‘No Lift’ policy.
A ‘No Lift’ policy is designed to protect both the staff and residents against injury. Risk assessments often judge falls as too risky for staff to handle alone. So, the ‘No Lift’ policy becomes part of the wider Health and Safety policy for the care home.
Unfortunately, this means residents are left in an undignified and uncomfortable position until help arrives. UK Ambulance Services are in high demand. So, responding to a fall can take several hours. We’ve had reports of older people
What can care homes do about this? How should they manage falls to protect residents, staff, and NHS services?
In this guide, we’ll cover the different assessment tools and emergency equipment care homes can use to respond to falls in the best possible way.
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Before we get started, it’s important to remember why managing falls properly is so important for care homes.
Being left on the floor, for any length of time, isn’t good for many reasons.
For older people, a fall can be a major hit to their confidence. Being left vulnerable on the floor can cause lasting damage to their mental health.
A range of health complications can also develop, including:
In a care home, a member of staff must always stay with the fallen resident. This is important for keeping them feeling as calm as possible until the ambulance arrives. However, it also means there is one fewer staff to care for other residents.
The first thing staff must do after a fall is to assess the resident for injuries.
As falls are such a large and common problem, the NHS created a falls assessment tool called I STUMBLE. This is widely used by care homes when responding to a fall.
The name, I STUMBLE, is an acronym representing the eight key areas staff should check when a resident falls.
It helps them determine whether there are any serious injuries and decide how best to treat the fallen person.
Before starting the I STUMBLE assessment, always perform the basic first aid checks:
If the answer is ‘yes’ to these 5 points, proceed to the I STUMBLE fall assessment…
Tip: Try to ‘estimate’ the blood loss in ‘mug-fulls’. This can help when advising paramedics. Then, apply constant and direct pressure with a clean dressing. Finally, elevate if possible.
IMPORTANT: If any of I STUMBLE criteria apply, you must call 999. This indicates the resident has a potentially serious injury and requires emergency medical attention.
There are three key benefits of using I STUMBLE in care homes
Ambulance crews are under a lot of pressure. They receive far more calls than they can respond to each day. So, falls without injury are not a priority.
By using I STUMBLE, it means emergency cases can be prioritised. Care home staff can give the call handler an accurate idea of how serious the situation is. Then, an ambulance can attend to provide the required care and take the resident to hospital.
2. It helps avoid unnecessary ambulance callouts
If the I STUMBLE assessment shows the resident is uninjured, staff can consider other options.
Reducing non-emergency callouts could save the NHS millions of pounds per year. Plus, it spares elderly residents an unnecessary trip to hospital. Reducing hospital stays has become a bigger priority for care homes following the COVID-19 pandemic!
3. It gives staff a simple procedure for responding to falls
A fall is stressful for everyone. So having a clear and easy tool to support staff responses is extremely helpful. It takes the pressure off remembering all the checks and allows them to focus on the resident’s wellbeing.
It is very similar to the FAST assessment tool that is well known for determining whether someone has suffered a stroke.
The similarities don’t end at the names… FAST is often used alongside I STUMBLE when assessing someone after a fall:
Face – Is the residents face equal on both sides?
Arms – Is the resident able to hold both arms up without any assistance?
Speech – Is the resident speaking as normal? Any slurring?
Time – Can you get an accurate time of symptom onset?
FAST is something care staff should check after the I STUMBLE assessment to rule out a Stroke as the cause of the residences fall.
Falls are a leading cause of hospital admissions in older people. However,
However, many care homes are reluctant to do this, due to their ‘No Lift’ policies.
So, we come back to the issue of residents being left on the floor to wait – despite not needing an ambulance or hospital admission. But this doesn’t necessarily need to be the case.
If you have a ‘No Lift’ policy, there are solutions available.
The ‘No Lift’ policy calls for staff to avoid manual lifting of residents to decrease the likelihood of injury.
However, there are emergency lifting devices available that don’t require any manual lifting!
We recommend the Raizer Falls Emergency Lifting Chair. The unique lifting device requires one carer to operate and help a fallen person back to their feet in under 3 minutes.
There’s no manual lifting – electric motors do all the heavy lifting for you. The rising action is gentle and steady to avoid distress and discomfort. Plus, it carries out up to 100 lifts on a single charge. So, it’s ideal for care homes that experience high fall numbers.
I STUMBLE is a quick and effective assessment tool. It allows care staff to work out the seriousness of the resident’s fall and to assess whether an ambulance is needed. Combining this tool with appropriate lifting equipment, like the Raizer, is an effective way to manage falls in care homes.
If you’d like to see the Raizer for yourself, please get in touch. We’d be happy to provide a free demo at your care home or via video call.